Synthesis
1.   1994 R. Mandelbaum         Vital signs of identity
2.   1994 D. Sims                     Biometric Recognition:  Our hands, Eyes, and Faces Give Us Away
3  . 1997 J. D. WOODWARD Biometrics: Privacy’s Foe or Privacy’s Friend?
Support Techniques
4. 1995  S. Pei                 Image normalization for pattern recognition
5. 1997 W.  SHEN          Evaluation of Automated Biometrics-Based Identification and Verification Systems
Finger
6. 1990 M. TAKEDA      Finger Image Identification Method for Personal Verification
Palm
7.   1994 R. A. McLaughlin         Inference of structure: hands
8.   1986 P. Baltscheffsky           The Palmprint Project:
9. 1996 P. Alfonso                    Biometric Identification by Dermatoglyphics
88. 1999 Anil K. Jain                    A Prototype Hand Geometry-based Verication System
89. 2002 Nicolae Duta                    Matching of Palmprints
Iris
10. 1997 D. McMordie           Texture Analysis of The Human Iris For High Security Authentication
11. 1997 C. Seal                     Iris Recognition for User Validation
12. 1993 J. G. Daugman          High Confidence Visual Recognition of Persons By a Test of Statistical Independence
13. 1997 W.W.Boles               A Security System Based on Human Iris Identification Using Wavelet Transform
14. 1996 G. O. Williams           Iris Recognition Technology
15. 1996 G. O.Williams            The Use of d’ As a “Decidability” Index
16. 1997 R. P. WILDES          Iris Recognition: An Emerging Biometric Technology
Signature
17. 1997 K. Huang               Off-line Signature Verification Based on Geometric Feature Extraction and Neural Network
18. 1997 R. Sabourin            Off-Line Signature Verification by Local Granulometric Size Distributions
19. 1997 R. BAJAJ              Signature Verification Using Multiple Neural Classifiers
20. 1994 R. SABOURIN      Structural Interpretation of Handwritten Signature Images
21. 1994 G. DIMAURO       Component-Oriented Algorithms For Signature Verification
22. 1997 Q. Wu                    On-line signature verification based on split-and-merge matching mechanism
23. 1995 K. Huang                On-line signature verification based on dynamic segmentation and global and local matching
24. 1996 R. Martens              On-Line Signature Verification by Dynamic Time-Warping
25. 1989 E. Mandler              Advanced Preprocessing Technique for On-Line Recognition of Handprinted Symbols
26. 1989 M. Parizeau             What types of scripts can be used for personal identifty verification?
27. 1989 M. AMMAR           Feature Extraction and Selection for Simulated Signature Verification
28. 1997 N. A. MURSHED   A Cognition Approach to  Off-line Signature Verification
29. 1997 G. DIMAURO        A Multi-Expert Signature Verification System for Bankcheck Processing
Speaker
30. 1994 R. C.           Rose Integrated Models of Signal and Background with Application to Speaker Identification in Noise
31. ??? Q. Lin           Speaker Identification in Teleconferencing Environments Using Microphone Arrays and Neural Networks
32. ??? S. Furui         Recent Advances in Speaker Recognition
33. 1991 N. Tishby    On the Application of Mixture AR Hidden Markov Models to Text Independent Speaker Recognition
34. 1995 R. P. Ramachandran A Comparative Study of Robust Linear Predictive Analysis Methods with Applications to Speaker Identification
35. 1995 D. A. Reynolds         Robust Text-Independent Speaker Identification Using Gaussian Mixture Speaker Models
36. 1991 S. Dutta                    Algorithimic Approach to Automatic Speech Recognition Technique
37. 1997 J. P. CAMPBELL     Speaker Recognition: A Tutorial
Face
38. 1997 I. A. Essa                 Coding, Analysis, Interpretation, and Recognition of Facial Expressions
39. 1997 K. C. Yow               Feature-based human face detection
40. 1994 G. Burel                   Detection and Localization of faces on digital images
41. 1995 R. CHELLAPPA     Human and Machine Recognition of Faces: A Survey
42. 1998 S. H. JENG              Facial Feature Detection Using Geometrical Face Model: An Efficient Approach
43. 1995 Q. CHEN                 Face Detection by Fuzzy Pattern Matching
44. 1997 A. Tankus                 Face detection by direct convexity estimation
45. 1996 N. FOEDER             Accuracy Analysis For Facial Feature Detection
46. 1996 J. Huang                   Detection of Human Faces Using Decision Trees
47. ??? S. H. Lin                     Face Recognition/Detection by Probabilistic Decision-Based Neural Network
48. 1996 R. Herpers                Edge and Keypoint Detection in Facial Regions
49. 1996 T.F. Cootes               Locating Faces Using Statistical Feature Detectors
50. 1996 K. C. Yow                Detection of Human Faces under Scale, Orientation and Viewpoint Variations
51. 1996 A. J. Colmenarez       Maximum Likelihood Face Detection
52. 1996 B. Takacs                  Visual Filters for Face Recognition
53. 1996 M. S. Lew                 Information Theoretic View-Based and Modular Face Detection
54. Tutorial on Biometrics ICPR’98 Nalini Ratha &Andrer Sencor Face Recognition
55. 1997 J. ZHANG                Face Recognition: Eigenface, Elastic Matching, and Neural Nets
Fingerprint
56. 1986 Q.Xiao                    An Approach To Fingerprint Identification By Using The Attributes Of Feature Lines Of Fingerprint
57. 1986 K. Morita                Automatic Fingerprint Identification Terminal for Personal Verification
58. 1989 X. Shen                   A New Automated Fingerprint Identification System
59. 1989 L. O’GORMAN      An Approach To Fingerprint Filter Design
60. 1991 Q. XIAO                 Fingerprint Image Postprocessing: A Combined Statictical And Structural Approach
61. 1991 Q. XIAO Combining Statistical And Structural Information For Fingerprint Image Processing, Classification And Identification
62. 1997 A. Jain                    On-Line Fingerprint Verification
63. 1992 V. ASAN                Detection Of Singular Points in Fingerprint Images
64. 1995 N. K.RATHA          Adaptive Flow Orientation-Based Feature Extraction in Fingerprint Images
65. 1994 M. KAWAGOE       Fingerprint Pattern Classification
66. 1992 S. Igaki                    Real-time fingerprint sensor using a hologram
67. 1987 M.R. VERMA         Edge Detection in Fingerprints
68. 1984 M. KAWAGOE       Fingerprint Pattern Classification
69. 1993 L. COETZEE           Fingerprint Recognition in Low Quality Images
70. 1993 B.M. Mehtre            Fingerprint Image Analysis for Automatic Identification
71. 1996 D. Maio                   A Structural Approach to Fingerprint Classification
72. 1990 M. LEUNG              Fingerprint Image Processing Using Neural Network
73. 1994 Y. Shan                    Fingerprint Preclassification Using Key-Points
74. 1994 A.Shmurun              Extraction of Fingerprint Orientation Maps Using A Radial Basis Function Recognition Accelerator
75. 1994 W. Chang                 Fingerprint Image Compression by Natural Clustering Neural Network
76. 1993 M. KAMIJO             Classifying Fingerprint Images using Neural Network: Deriving the Classification State
77. 1997 J. LEE                      Extraction of Line Features in A Noisy Image
78. 1987 B.M.MEHTRE         Segmentation of Fingerprint Images Using the Directional Image
79. 1990 A. K.HRECHAK     Automated Fingerprint Recognition Using Structural Matching
80. 1988 L. Wu                      On Fingerprint Theorems
81. 1986 D.K.ISENOR           Fingerprint Identification Using Graph Matching
82. 1991 L.Coetzee                 Preprocessing of two-dimentional fingerprint images for fingerprint recognition
83. 1996 N. K. Ratha              A Real Time Matching System for Large Fingerprint Databases
84. 1997 A. R. RODDY          Fingerprint Features – Statistical Analysis and System Performance Estimates
85. 1997 A. K. JAIN               An Identity-Authentication System Using Fingerprints